In this article discover :
The definition of normal hours
"Normal hours" are paid hours in addition to the weekly contract hours which aren't considered overtime.
These are hours that are paid at the standard hourly rate, without any pay increase.
Why do normal hours appear on the schedule ?
In general, these "normal hours" appear during a week when the employee has worked days and has had time off. The accumulation of absences and worked hours exceeds the weekly contracted hours but actual worked hours don't exceed the contract.
For example :
The employee (35 hours contract) works 30 hours in the first 4 days of the week, and has a paid leave on Friday.
We consider they would have had to work 7h on this day.
In total, in the week, he accumulated 30 hours (actual worked hours) + 7 hours (time off) = 37 hours for a 35 hours contract. Or 2 hours more. These 2 hours are normal hours and paid at the standard rate.
Aren't normal hours overtime ?
Technically not. French Labour Code defines overtimes as physically worked hours over 35 hours in the week. But in this example, the employee only worked 30 hours in the week.
Yet, it would be justified to paid these 2 hours. We can see them as "additional" hours (in addition to the contract) but not increased overtime.
Which absences can generate normal hours?
All absences, with the exception of absences considered as working time (training, medical visit or compensatory time off) can generate normal hours.
How to calculate normal hours?
There are two cases :
1) The employee has worked more than the contract hours
The calculation to find normal hours is : (worked hours + absences) - worked hours
Martin has a contract for 35 hours weekly. This week, he is working 36 hours and has 7 hours of injustified absence.
On the schedule we can see an 8h difference.
(36 + 7) - 36 = 7h
There is therefore 1 hour of overtime and 7 normal hours.
2) The employee has worked less or just the contract hours
The calculation to find normal hours is : (worked hours + absences) - contract hours
Martin has a contract for 35 hours weekly. This week, he is working 30 hours and has 7 hours of injustified absence.
On the schedule we can see a 2h difference.
(30 + 7 - 35) = 2h
There are 2 normal hours as well as 7 hours of absence to deduct from his pay :
(35 + 2) - 7 = 30h
Martin will be paid for 30h for this week.
👉 To find out how absence times are calculated in Combo go here.